From NIST to CIS: Exploring Top Cybersecurity Frameworks for Businesses!
In today’s digital environment, cybersecurity is a critical component that every company should emphasize to secure their sensitive data from cyber-attacks. To achieve this, businesses must implement well-organized cybersecurity frameworks that provide a set of best practices, rules, and processes for mitigating cyber risks. However, choosing the best one for your company can be complex, with many structures available.
The US (NIST) Context for Cybersecurity and the Center for Internet Security’s (CIS) Controls Surroundings are two of the most extensively applied cybersecurity frameworks. We’ll look at their commonalities and differences and how businesses may use them to improve their cybersecurity posture. We’ll also explore more frameworks.
First, we’ll go over the National Institutes of Health’s Cybersecurity Framework and each of its five main roles. The CIS Controls Architecture and its twenty indispensable security controls that firms can use to defend their electronic archives from cyber threats will next be discussed. We will also examine how these frameworks provide comprehensive security coverage.
This blog will also review the advantages of implementing a cybersecurity framework for companies, such as increased security posture, compliance with regulations, and better risk management. We will also discuss the various obstacles that firms face while using a framework and provide practical solutions for overcoming them.
By the conclusion of this blog post, readers will have a greater awareness of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework and the CIS Controls Framework, letting them make more accomplished choices when choosing one of the best cybersecurity frameworks that meet their needs.
What is Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity safeguards systems connected to the internet from security breaches such as computer software, hardware, and information. Individuals and businesses apply the technique to prevent illegal access to information centers and other digital systems.
A robust cybersecurity approach can provide an adequate defense against malicious attacks aimed at gaining access to, altering, deleting, destroying, or extorting a company’s or user’s systems and personally identifiable data. Cybersecurity is also vital in upsetting attacks that try to disable or damage the operation of a system or device.
With a growing variety of users, devices, and programs in contemporary organizations, as well as an increased deluge of data, most of it is sensitive or secret, the relevance of cybersecurity is growing. The increasing volume and skill of cyber attackers and attack strategies exacerbate the problem.
Sustaining cybersecurity in an ever-changing threat landscape is impossible for all organizations. Traditional reactive tactics, in which resources were directed toward safeguarding systems against the most severe known risks while less serious dangers went undefended, are no longer adequate.
A more aggressive and flexible approach is required to stay up with shifting security dangers. Several important cybersecurity consultative organizations provide guidance. The US NIST suggests continuous monitoring and immediate evaluations as part of a risk evaluation framework to guard opposite known and unexpected risks.
What Are Different Types of Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity is an extensive field that includes multiple fields of study. It is organized into seven central pillars:
Network Security Most attacks happen over a network, and network security procedures have been established to detect and avoid these attacks. Data and access controls, including data loss prevention (DLP), IAM (Identity Admission Management), NAC (Network Access Controls), and the NGFW (Next-Generation Firewall) app restrictions, are included in these solutions for implementing safe online use policies.
IPS (Intrusion Protection System), NGAV (Next-Gen Antiviral), Sandboxing, as well as CDR (Content Disarm and Rebuilding) are cutting-edge and multi-layered network threat protection technologies. Network analytics, hunting for threats, and autonomous SOAR (Security Organization and Response) technologies are also crucial.
1. Cloud Security
As more businesses utilize cloud computing, cloud security becomes a top priority. A cloud security strategy encompasses cyber security remedies, controls, regulations, and resources that aid in the defense of an organization’s complete deployment of cloud services (applications, data, construction, and so on).
While numerous cloud service providers provide security solutions, more is needed to achieve enterprise-level safety in the cloud. To safeguard against security breaches and targeted assaults in cloud settings, additional third-party solutions are required.
2. Endpoint Security
The zero-trust security concept recommends building micro-segments surrounding data in any location. Endpoint security is one method for accomplishing this with a mobile workforce. Endpoint security allows businesses to protect end-user devices such as PCs and laptops by implementing data and network security policies, advanced preventing threats such as anti-phishing and pro-ransomware, and forensic tools such as EDR (endpoint detection and response) solutions.
3. Mobile Security
Portable gadgets, such as smartphones and tablets, provide access to organizational data and expose firms to threats such as malicious apps, zero-day exploits, phishing attacks, and IM (Instant Message) assaults. Mobile security protects OS equipment and systems from establishing and jailbreaking by preventing these assaults. This, combined with an MDM (Mobile Device Monitoring) solution, allows businesses to ensure that only compliant mobile phones and tablets can access company assets. It helps in many cybersecurity frameworks.
4. IoT Security
While using Internet of Things (IoT) devices increases productivity, it also demonstrates organizations to new security risks. Threat actors look for susceptible devices mistakenly linked to the internet for illicit purposes, such as gaining access to a business network or connecting to another bot in a worldwide bot network.
IoT security secures these devices using device discovery and categorization, auto-segmentation to manage network activity, and IPS as a virtual patch to avoid attacks against weak IoT devices. Sometimes, the device’s programming can be supplemented with small agents to prevent exploits and runtime assaults.
5. Application Security
Threat actors attack web applications, as well as anything else directly linked to the internet. OWASP has monitored the top ten risks to major online application security problems since 2007, including injection, broken verification, misconfiguration, & cross-site scripting (CSS), to name a few.
The OWASP Top 10 assaults can be prevented using the security of applications. Bot attacks are also precluded by application security, as is any harmful interaction with apps and APIs. Thanks to continuous learning, apps will be protected even while DevOps provides new content.
6. Zero Trust
The traditional security paradigm is perimeter-focused, with walls like a castle built around an organization’s critical assets. This technique, however, has significant drawbacks, including the possibility of insider threats and the quick breakdown of the network perimeter.
As corporate assets move outside of the premises as a result of cloud adoption as well as remote work, a new security strategy is required. Zero trust employs a more comprehensive approach to security, safeguarding individual resources using an assortment of micro-segmentation, inspection, and role-based access control implementation.
What Are Cybersecurity Frameworks?
A cybersecurity framework establishes a common vocabulary and standards for security experts across nations and industries to better understand their and their vendors’ security postures. Defining the procedures and guidelines that your company must trail to investigate, manage, and decrease cybersecurity risk develops much easier with a structure in place.
Cybersecurity frameworks describe principles, requirements, and best practices for managing cybersecurity risks. The frameworks emerge to decrease an organization’s exposure to vulnerabilities and flaws that attackers and other digital criminals may exploit.
The phrase “framework” implies that it refers to hardware, but this is untrue. It does not assist that the term “mainframe” exists, suggesting that we deal with a concrete architecture of servers, data storage, etc.
However, just as a framework in the “real world” is a structure that supports an assembly or other large object, cybersecurity frameworks supply the foundation, system, and support for the safety of an organization’s techniques and efforts.
What Are Different Types of Cybersecurity Frameworks?
There are three types of cybersecurity frameworks in 2023 which are as follows:
1. Control Frameworks
- Creates a basic plan of action for the organization’s cyber security section
- Provides a foundational set of security controls
- evaluates the current level of infrastructure and technology
- Implementation of security safeguards is prioritized
2. Program Frameworks
- Evaluates the present status of the organization’s security program
- Creates a comprehensive cybersecurity program
- Analyzes the program’s security and competitiveness
- Facilitates and improves communication among the cyber security team and executives/managers
3. Risk Frameworks
- Defines the processes required for the assessment and control of risks
- Creates a risk management security program
- Identifies, regulations, and quantifies the security risks in the company
- relevant safety precautions and activities are prioritized
Now we will discuss the cybersecurity frameworks list:
List of Cybersecurity Frameworks in 2023
When it comes to picking the best cybersecurity framework, you have a lot of choices. Here are some of the frameworks currently regarded as the greatest in the industry. The security supplies of your organization dog your choice.
Companies seek assistance from cyber security guidelines. When the proper structure is in place, IT security professionals can proactively manage their companies’ cyber risks. Organizations can either tweak an existing framework or create one from scratch.
Some businesses must use specific information security frameworks to comply with industry or government laws. Suppose your company accepts credit card payments; it must adhere to the payment card industry’s data security requirements (PCI-DSS) framework. In this case, your organization must pass an audit demonstrating compliance. After completing the list, you will easily make many cybersecurity frameworks comparison.
Here is the list of cybersecurity frameworks you must follow in 2023:
1. The NIST Cybersecurity Framework
The NIST Framework for Strengthening the Security of Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity, also known as the “NIST cybersecurity framework” for short, was launched under the presidency of Barack Obama in pursuance of President Executive Order 13636. The NIST was created to safeguard America’s vital infrastructure (such as barriers and nuclear power plants) from cyberattacks. It is one of the best cybersecurity frameworks in 2023.
The NIST is a set of independent safety guidelines private-sector companies can employ to detect, identify, and react to cyberattacks. The framework also includes recommendations to assist enterprises in preventing and recovering from cybercrime. NIST is related to five functions or best practices:
2. CIS – The Center of Internet Security
If you want your organization to start small and steadily grow, you must use CIS. This framework was created in the late 2000s to help businesses defend themselves from cyber threats. It consists of 20 controls continually updated by security personnel from various disciplines (academic, government, and industrial). The framework starts with the fundamentals, continues to the foundational, and lasts to the organization.
CIS uses benchmarks according to common standards such as HIPAA or NIST to map privacy requirements and provide alternative settings for firms not subject to statutory security rules but wanting to enhance cybersecurity.
3. ISO/IEC 27001 & 27002 Framework
ISO 270K is another name for this system. It is regarded as the internationally acknowledged cyber security verification standard for inside and outside scenarios. ISO 270K presumes that the company has an IT Security Management System. ISO/IEC 27001 demands management to thoroughly manage the organization’s information security risks, emphasizing vulnerabilities and threats.
ISO 270K is a fairly rigorous standard. The framework includes 114 controls divided into 14 categories. As a result, given the amount of labor involved in sustaining the standards, ISO 270K might only suit some. It is, nevertheless, worthwhile if applying ISO 270K provides a selling point for gaining new clients.
4. The Health Insurance Accountability and Portability Act. – HIPAA
HIPAA, or Health Insurance Transportability and Accountability Act, is a framework to oversee personal patient and customer data, notably privacy issues. This act safeguards electronic healthcare data and is critical for providers, insurance companies, and clearinghouses. You can easily make many cybersecurity framework comparisons.
There are numerous different cybersecurity frameworks to pick from, such as:
- Service Organizational Control (SOC2)
- North American Electrical Regulatory Corporation Critical Infrastructure Prevention (NERC-CIP)
- GDPR stands for General Data Protection Regulation.
- Federal Information Systems Management Act (FISMA)
- Health Information Trust Alliance (HITRUST CSF)
- Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI-DSS)
- Control Objects for Info and Related Technologies – COBIT
- COSO stands for Committee of Sponsoring Organizations.
In some circumstances, a company or organization uses multiple frameworks simultaneously.
The Federal Management of Information Security Act (FISMA) is a comprehensive counterterrorism framework to safeguard federal government data and infrastructure against cyber threats. FISMA likewise covers suppliers and vendors who perform tasks for administrative agencies.
The FISMA framework is meticulously related to NIST standards and mandates organizations and third parties to keep a record of their computerized records and identify all networks and system connections. Critical data must be classified according to risk, and security procedures must satisfy FIPS and NIST 800 minimum safety criteria. Additionally, affected organizations must do cybersecurity risk evaluations, annual security evaluations, and constant IT infrastructure monitoring.
COBIT (the Control Objective for Integrated and Related Technologies) is a cybersecurity framework designed by ISACA (Information Technologies Audit and Control Alliance) for IT governance and business. Organizations can use COBIT frameworks to create, conduct, monitor, and improve their IT management.
IT organizations handle a large amount of data, including cloud computing, social media specifics, business data, etc. The primary purpose of developing the COBIT framework is to safeguard sensitive data from weaknesses, to create comprehensive end-to-end protection, and to improve business security. It is the best cybersecurity framework. It is the best framework in the cybersecurity framework list.
7. SAMA Cybersecurity Frameworks
SAMA (Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority) created the SAMA Cyber Security System to enhance the cyber defenses of Saudi Arabian government entities and to assist different government departments in implementing required regulations to strengthen the safety of their subsidiaries via specific measures to protect against dangerous cyber-attacks.
Furthermore, the Saudi government has directed using the SAMA cyber safety structure in banks, insurance companies, and other financial services firms to ensure the industry is prepared to handle cyber threats.
Why We Need a Cybersecurity Framework?
Cybersecurity frameworks eliminate some of the guesswork involved in protecting digital assets. Frameworks provide cyber security managers with a dependable, standardized, and systematic method of mitigating cyber risk, irrespective of the complicated nature of the environment.
Cybersecurity frameworks assist teams in addressing cybersecurity concerns by giving a well-thought-out strategy for protecting data, amenities, and data systems. The guidelines guide IT security directors to manage cyber risks in their businesses more wisely.
Companies can adjust a previous structure to match their needs or construct one from scratch. However, the latter option may present difficulties because some businesses must implement security frameworks that adhere to business-related or regulatory requirements. Home-grown frameworks may need to be increased to meet such needs.
Bottom line, firms are increasingly expected to follow standard cyber security standards, and employing these frameworks makes complying easier and more intelligent. The correct structure will meet the demands of many different-sized organizations, regardless of their industry.
Frameworks assist businesses in adhering to proper security protocols, which protects the corporation’s safety and encourages consumer trust. Customers are less concerned about doing company online with organizations that adhere to established security measures, ensuring the security of their financial data.
Finally, it is vibrant that cybersecurity is an acute component of the accomplishment of any company in the digital age. Companies of all dimensions must have operative cybersecurity frameworks to defend their systems, data, and networks from harmful cyber-attacks. In the article, we looked at the best cybersecurity frameworks companies may utilize to improve their security posture: the NIST Cybersecurity Framework and the Center of Excellence for Internet Security, or CIS, Controls.
Both frameworks take an integrated cybersecurity approach while offering organizations the tools and guidance to mitigate cyber risks effectively. While the NIST framework demonstrates risk management, the CIS regulates more prescriptive. Businesses can combine the two frameworks to create a more durable and comprehensive safety strategy.
Finally, a company’s cybersecurity framework should align with its specific safety standards and industry regulations. Businesses may successfully manage their cybersecurity risks, secure their data, and guarantee the continuity of their business activities by employing the correct cybersecurity framework.